Mahakam Rivers

Mahakam is the name of a province's largest river which empties into the East Kalimantan in the Makassar Strait. River with a length of about 920 km across the region was the West Kutai District in the upstream, until the District Kukar and Samarinda in the downstream. On the river mammal species live freshwater fish threatened with extinction, the Irrawaddy Dolphin Mahakam.

Mahakam River from the past until now has an important role in the life of surrounding communities as a source of water, as well as fisheries potential transportation infrastructure.

Mandau "The Dayaks Saber"

Mandau is a weapon unique tribe who inhabit the island dayak kalimantan. Long ago saber used for hunting and war. Mandau made of wrought iron that has been for days and days with a handle shaped like a bird peculiar hornbills and feather accessories.

Mandau is a symbol of courage and manliness of a child the Dayak. Mandau allegedly used to hunt human heads are offered to the gods.

Derawan Islan The New Exotic Place on The Borneo

Derawan Islands is an archipelago located in the Berau Regency, East Kalimantan. In these islands there are some fascinating marine tourism objects, one Lower Park Sea of interest, especially foreign tourists world-class divers.

Derawan Islands has three districts namely, Derawan Island, Maratua, and the Big Dipper Big Dipper, Berau.

At least four of the famous islands in the archipelago, the island Maratua, Derawan, Sangalaki, and Kakaban endangered species live green turtle and hawksbill turtle.

Geographically, situated on a peninsula north of Berau marine waters consisting of several islands of Long Island, Island Raburabu, Samama Island, Island Sangalaki, Kakaban, Nabuko Island, Island and Island Derawan Maratua as well as some reef Muaras charred, burnt Pinaka , Buliulin burnt, charred Masimbung, and burnt Tababinga.

Derawan Islands there are some coastal ecosystems and small island which is very important that coral reefs, seagrass and mangrove forest (mangroves). In addition many protected species in the Islands Derawan like the green turtle, hawksbill turtle, whales, dolphins, clam, coconut crab, mermaid, fish, barracuda and a few other species.

for more information : derawan island

Pendet Dance From Bali

Pendet initially a worship dance that many exhibited in the temple, where worship of Hindus in Bali, Indonesia. This dance symbolizes the welcoming of the gods fall into the natural world. Gradually, as the times, the Balinese artists change Pendet be "welcome", but still contains elements of the sacred-religious. Creator / choreographer of modern dance forms are I Wayan Rindi (? - 1967).

Pendet is a statement of the offering in the form of a ceremonial dance. Unlike performing dances that require intensive training, Pendet be danced by all people, pemangkus men and women, adults and girls.

This dance is taught simply by following the movement and rarely done in banjar-banjar. The young girl followed the movement of the more senior women who understand their responsibilities in providing a good example.

This daughter has a dance movement pattern that is more dynamic than Rejang dance is performed in groups or pairs. Usually displayed after Rejang Dance at the temple yard and generally facing the direction of the sacred (pelinggih) with ceremonial dress, and each dancer brings sangku, jars, bowls, and other offerings equipment.

source : wikipedia
image : flickr

Borobudur Tample

Indonesia is the country going gkaya yan heritage. Among them is the magnificent temple which had been built centuries ago but tetapa sturdy stand. One of the most famous and is a wonder of the world is the temple of Borobudur.

Borobudur is the name of a Buddhist temple located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Location of the temple is approximately 100 km in the south-west of Semarang and 40 km northwest of Yogyakarta. This temple was founded by the Mahayana Buddhists around the year 800 AD the dynasty during the reign of Sailendra. In ethnic Indonesians, this temple is also called 婆罗 浮屠 (Hanyu Pinyin: pó luo fu tú) in Mandarin.

At every level carved reliefs on temple walls. These reliefs read as counter-clockwise or called mapradaksina in Old Javanese language derived from Sanskrit meaning is daksina east. These reliefs variety of story content, among other reliefs Jataka stories.

Reading of the stories are always the starting relief, and ends on the east side of the gate at every level, starting on the left and right ends of the gate. So obviously that the east is the ladder up the real (main) and to the top of the temple, it means that the temple facing the east while the other sides of similar right.

Duren Fruit

Durian is a tropical plant that originated from Southeast Asia, as well as a fruit to eat. The name is derived from the fruit skin characteristic of the hard and sharp grooved so that the shape of the thorns. Durian comes from Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei, although the tree can grow in any similar climate. Center for biological diversity and ecological durian is Borneo (Kalimantan Island).

However, the durian is an important exporter of Thailand, who are able to develop cultivars with high quality. Other places where durians are planted in the Philippines, including Mindanao, Queensland in Australia, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, India, and Sri Lanka. In the Philippines, the center is producing durian in Davao region in Mindanao Island. Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration for the durian in Davao City.

Kerinci Mountain "Sumatra"

Mount Kerinci (also spelled "Kerintji", and known as Mount Kenji, Gadang, Kurinci Eruption, Korinci, or Peak Indrapura) is the highest mountain in Sumatra, and the highest peak in Indonesia outside Papua. Mount Kerinci is located in the Bukit Barisan, near the west coast, and situated about 130 km south of Padang. He is most famous feature of the Kerinci Seblat National Park.

Kerinci is still active and last erupted in 1970.

Mountain "Puncak Jaya"

Puncak Jaya is a peak that is part of the Sudirman Range is located in Papua province, Indonesia. Puncak Jaya has a height of 4884 m and the surrounding glaciers Carstenz there, the only tropical glaciers in Indonesia, which likely will soon disappear due to global warming.

This peak has named a Poentjak Sukarno and the highest mountain in Oceania. Puncak Jaya is one of the Seven Main Peak of the world.

Other Nama-nama/ejaan:

* Ngga Pulu ( "Mula" means mountain)
* Mount Carstensz
* Carstensz Pyramid
* Carstensz Peak
* Peak Jayakesuma
* Carstensz Pyramid Peak
* Ndugundugu

Dangdut Music

Dangdut is a genre of music that developed in Indonesia. This musical form rooted in the music Melayu in the 1940s. In the evolution towards the contemporary form now in effect elements of Indian music (especially from the use of the tabla) and Arabic (on the twisted and harmonization). Changes in the political currents in Indonesia in the late 1960s opened the influence of a strong western music with the entry and use of electric guitars are also forms of marketing. Since the 1970s virtually dangdut has matured in a contemporary form. In popular music, dangdut is open to the influence of other musical forms, ranging from keroncong, style, gamelan, lute, rock, pop, and even house music.

The mention of the name "dangdut" is an Onomatopoeia of tabla playing sound (in the world of drum called dangdut only) a unique and sometimes dominated by the noise and ndut. This name is actually called a cynic in a magazine article the early 1970s to the form of music melayu very popular among the working class at that time.

Here are some famous dangdut singer in Indonesia, Iis Dahlia, Rhoma Irama, Elvi Sukaesih, Kristina, Ike Nurjanah, Evie Tamala and some new entrants such as Maya, Siti KDI, and Dewi Persik.

Indonesian Most Populer "Foot Ball Player"

Football is one of the most popular sports in Indonesia. Each year the fight for the league rolled several clubs that represent some of the area clubs.

And one of Indonesia's best players are becoming a favorite among spectators to watch his goal. He is often abbreviated Bambang Pamungkas birth BP.Pemain Salatiga, June 10, 1980 This is one of the "blessings" that possessed Indonesia. He is famous for the sharpness sundulannya when in the opponent's defense. Persik Kediri striker is also not selfish when in front of goal. Proved he has also scored assists to teammates. Indonesia's best players this league has scored 108 goals throughout his career in the League with Indonesia Persik Kediri. He also scored a record 65 times to strengthen the national team and scored 34 goals.

He is also famous among the people of Indonesia. Numbered 20 players back this sort of reflection over Indonesia 1 football this decade.

Keris "Java's Blade"

Keris is a typical Indonesian stabbing weapon. Based on ancient documents, the keris in preliminary form has been used since the 9th century. Strong likelihood that the keris has been used before that time. Kebudyaan Indonesian Minister Jero Wacik has brought the keris to UNESCO and requested assurance that this is the cultural heritage of Indonesia.

The use of the keris itself scattered in clumps community Malays. At present, the keris commonly known in the area of Indonesia (especially in the areas of Java, Madura, Bali / Lombok, Sumatra, part of Borneo, and some of Sulawesi), Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, and Philippines (particularly in the Mindanao region). In Mindanao, the form of weapon which is also called the keris is not much resemblance but also a stabbing weapon.

Keris has a variety of forms, for example, there is a winding blade (berbilang always odd) and some are straight bladed. Javanese people assume different forms have different effects esoteri.

Besides being used as a weapon, the keris is also often considered to have supernatural powers. This weapon is often mentioned in many traditional legends, such as the keris Mpu Gandring in legend of Ken Arok and Ken Dedes.

The procedure to use different kris in each region. In areas such as Javanese and Sundanese, the keris is placed in the back of the waist in peacetime but is placed in front in the war. Meanwhile, in Sumatra, Borneo, Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines, the keris was placed in front.

Kris addition, there are a number of other stabbing weapons in the archipelago region, such as Rencong from Aceh, Badik from Sulawesi and West Java cleaver. Keris distinguished from other stabbing weapons primarily from the blade. Keris is not made from a single metal casted but a mixture of various metal layers. As a result of this manufacturing technique, the keris has a specificity of fame on the blade.

Sate "Indonesian Food"

Sate or satay or sometimes written satai foods are made from pieces of meat (chicken, goats, sheep, cows, pigs, fish, etc.) are diced, and the puncture satay ditusuki usually made of bamboo, then burnt using charcoal embers. Sate then served with various seasonings (depends on satay recipe variations).

Sate is known comes from Java, Indonesia, but the sate is also popular in countries other Southeast Asian countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Philippines and Thailand. Sate is also popular in the Netherlands that influenced the cuisine of Indonesia that had been the colony. Japanese version is called yakitori.

Recipes and how it varied depending satay variations and recipes of each region. Almost all types of meat can be made sate. The origin country as satay, Indonesia has a variety of rich satay recipe, see the list of sate.

Usually sate sauce. This sauce can be soy sauce, peanut sauce, or the other. To sate the duck pond is full menu satay sauce peanut sweet spices or chili (according to taste) and sliced tomatoes and cucumbers. Then sate eaten with warm rice or, if in some areas served by lontong. Sate sometimes eaten with a diamond.

Ulin Wood "Iron Wood from Borneo"

Another name ulin tree ironwood trees. And in fact, the tree ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri) is one of the famous tree from the forest with characteristic wooden Kaltim hard and strong, dark colors, and resistant to sea water.

Ulin tree height reaches 50 m in diameter and up to 120 cm, and grown in the lowlands.

Trees are a little apart from other trees and surrounded by a circular road of ironwood. At the bottom there is a tree hollow.

Type of ulin wood is not easy either rotted in the water and darata. That is why wood is widely used as building material, especially for homes built on swampy ground.

Unfortunately, this tree can not grow at all forest areas. Usually grown on upland with sandy soil. Therefore, nurseries and pembudidayaannya somewhat difficult.

Kutai Tribe in Borneo

Kutai tribe or Tenggarong Kutai Malays are indigenous Kukar district, East Kalimantan. Kutai culture originated from the establishment of the Kingdom of Kutai IV century which is the first Hindu kingdom in the archipelago with the famous king, Mulawarman.

It continues with the Sultan of Kutai last Aji Parikshit. After a long vacancy has been held that the new Sultan Coronation Solehudin Aji.

Kutai Tribe consists of 4 sub-ethnic namely:

1. Tenggarong in Tenggarong Kutai, Kutai Kartanegara
2. Kota Bangun Kutai in Kota Bangun, Kukar
3. Kutai in Muara Muara ANCALONG ANCALONG, East Kutai
4. Kutai in Muara Muara PAHU PAHU, West Kutai

According to the site "Joshua Project" ethnic Malays Tenggarong Kutai numbered 314,000 souls.

Other Kutai tribe is Kota Bangun Kutai Malays. According to the site "Joshua Project" ethnic Malays Kota Bangun Kutai numbered 81,000 inhabitants.

Language Kutai was divided into 3 dialects, which were located adjacent to each other not:

1. Kutai Tenggarong (vkt)
2. Kota Bangun Kutai (mqg)
3. Muara Kutai ANCALONG (vkt)

Besides having some of the vocabulary persaamaan Banjar language, Bahasa Kutai also have similar vocabulary with Iban language, for example:

* Nade (Kota Bangun Kutai language); nadai (Bahasa Kantu '), meaning no
* Celap (Bansa Kutai Tenggarong; celap (Dayak Iban language, Bahasa Tunjung), jelap (Bahasa Benuaq) means cool
* Widow (Tenggarong Kutai language), widow (Bahasa Iban, balu 'Language Benuaq), meaning widow
* Hek (Tenggarong Kutai language), he '(Language Tunjung), meaning no

According to the trust of the population, Kutai area formerly occupied by the tribe 5, namely:

1. Pantun tribe who live around the Estuary ANCALONG, East Kutai and Muara Kaman, Kukar
2. Punang tribe who live around the Estuary MUNTAI, Kukar, and Kota Bangun
3. PAHU tribe inhabiting the area around the estuary PAHU, West Kutai
4. Tulur Dijangkat tribe inhabiting the area around Barong TONGKOK, West Kutai and carry, West Kutai
5. Melani tribe inhabiting the area around the Old and Tenggarong Kutai

* The Malays

Pantun tribe, and Melani Punang grow and develop into Kutai tribe that has the same language but different dialects. Thus Kutai tribe is indigenous to this region. Next in waves arriving Banjar and Bugis tribes, so that Malays ethnic group who inhabit the area of Kutai tribe Kutai, Banjar and Bugis.

* The Dayak tribes

Descendants Tulur Dijangkat tribe grow and develop into Dayak tribe. They split up leaving the original soil and form groups each tribe is now known as the Dayak tribe Tunjung, Bahau, Benuaq, Modang, Penihing, Busang, Bukat, Ohong and Bentian.

1. Tunjung tribes inhabited districts carry, West Kutai, Barong TONGKOK, West Kutai and Muara PAHU, West Kutai
2. Bahau tribes inhabit Long Iram district, West Kutai and Long Bagun, West Kutai
3. Tribes inhabit Benuaq Jempang district, West Kutai, Muara Lawa, West Kutai, Peace, West Kutai and Muara PAHU, West Kutai
4. Modang tribes inhabit ANCALONG Muara district, Kutai Timur and Muara WAHAU, East Kutai
5. Penihing tribe, tribes and tribal Bukat inhabit Ohong APARI Long district, West Kutai
6. Tribes inhabit Busang PAHANGAI Long district, West Kutai
7. Bentian tribes inhabit the Great Bentian district, West Kutai and Muara Lawa, West Kutai

Reog "Ponorogo"

Reog is one of the cultural arts from East Java and northwest of the town of Ponorogo regarded as the true origin Reog. Ponorogo city gate was decorated by warok and gemblak figure, two figures who had appeared at the time reog displayed. Reog is one of the regional culture in Indonesia is still very strong with things mystical and mysticism that.

Basically there are five versions of the popular story that developed in the community about the origin and Warok Reog, but one of the most famous story is the story of the rebellion Ki Ageng Flea, a royal servant during Bhre Kertabhumi, the last king of Majapahit who ruled in the nineteenth century -15. Ki Ageng Flea wrath will strongly influence from the Chinese partner in the government and the king, the king of a corrupt behavior, he saw that the power of the Majapahit kingdom will end. He then left the king and established the university where he taught young children martial arts, science self immunity, and the science of perfection in the hope that young children will become the seed of the resurrection of the Majapahit kingdom again later. Realizing that his army is too small to fight the royal troops Ki Ageng political message conveyed by fleas Reog performing arts, which is a "hint" to the king and his kingdom Kertabumi Bra. Cultural Reog a way Ki Ageng Flea local communities to build resistance using Reog popularity.
Barong reog mask is used as the closing attraction.

Reog performance shown in the shape of lion-head masks, known as the 'Lion Barong ", the king of the forest, which became the symbol for Kertabumi, and above attached peacock feathers to resemble a giant fan that symbolize the strong influence of his Chinese colleagues who set up all the motion - bearing. Jatilan, played by groups of dancers who gemblak horse riding became a symbol of the strength of troops into the kingdom of Majapahit contrast ratio warok strength, which is behind the red clown mask that became the symbol for Ki Ageng Lice, alone and support the weight of the mask reaches more singabarong of 50kg using only his teeth. Ki Ageng Reog popular flea eventually led Kertabumi take action and attack the school, the rebellion by warok quickly resolved, and universities to continue teaching prohibited to warok. But the students remained lice Ki Ageng continue secretly. Even so, Reognya own art is still allowed to be staged because the show has become popular among the people, but the story has a new line where the added characters from folklore Kelono Sewondono Ponorogo ie, Goddess Songgolangit, and Sri Genthayu.

Erau "Traditional Festival"

Erau the Kutai traditional feast which is usually performed after the harvest each year. This traditional event comes from the habit of Kutai people submit to the sultan of the earth to hold Erau.

This traditional party still held down through generations until now, in the Year 2009, the opening of traditional parties and centralized in Madya Stadium Tenggarong new-built. Some art Kutai, Dayak and other tribes are held in the stadium. Tens of thousand people attended the art show to watch it, not only from Tenggarong (Kab Capital Kukar-Kaltim), but also from the district and from other cities such as Bontang, Samarinda and Balikpapan, etc., even from abroad.

Erau usually held during the week, during the period, held a variety of traditional ceremonies, traditional games competitions, expo / exhibition construction, the party of the people, the capital of entertainment artists and other event2 crowd. So, if you walk in Tenggarong during Erau place, the usual case of congestion, given the arena / stage show in order Erau scattered across the city, the Festival Erau it had the support of local government as an effort to support programs in tourism traffic.

Santet ( Black Magic )

SANTET or black magic (Java: magick, teluh) is a person attempts to harm another person from a distance by using black magic. Santet conducted using various media such as hair, pictures, dolls, incense, assorted flowers, and others. A person affected by witchcraft will result in disability or death. Santet often do people who have a grudge to someone else.

Witchcraft, teluh, magic or whatever his name is the negative energy that can damage a person's life: the form of disease, destruction of the household until the death. Various investigations have also done a lot of scientists on the phenomenon of witchcraft and the like. Research methods course somewhat different scientists with the clergy.

If the clergy wear dalil2 scripture reference (paragraph kitabiyah), the scientists use kauniyah paragraph (the universe) to investigate these wizards. Investigations using paragraph kauniyah course must have the nature of scientific method, starting from looking kasus2 witchcraft, witchcraft tipe2, symptoms, etc. result. Then later conducted various experiments to cure.

One of the conclusions / opinions that surfaced was the fact that witchcraft is energy. Why in the case of witchcraft could get nails, scorpions, pans, etc. can be explained through a process of materialization of energy. Well, witchcraft and spirits were found energy charged (-). Earth was proved to have a charge (-). In C Coulomb law says that the charge namesake will repel each other and do not charge it will namesake attraction. The formula is:

F = K * ((Q1 * Q2) / R ^ 2)
F = force attraction
K = Constant
Q1, Q2 = charge
R = distance

Well because demit aka spirits and the earth were both charged (-) ate the demit was not touching the earth. Parents are often times used to be reminded when talking with do-not recognized in the evening and see if his foot to touch the earth or not. If not then it means the spirits group.

Likewise with the wizards who were charged (-) is physically able to overcome or resisted by Coulomb C of this law. I do not discuss the methods against witchcraft with remembrance because it was much discussed but my reply offer any other alternative could be "standalone" (for non-Muslims) and combined with the remembrance (for Muslims).

Some methods:

1 Way

Sleep on the floor that directly touch the earth. May use the original bedding is no more than 15 cm. Sleeping on the floor with the wizards in trouble because of blocked charge (-) from the earth.

2 Way

Creating electronic device capable of transmitting waves of charge (-). Spirits, jinn, witchcraft, etc. will move away if exposed to vibration of this instrument. But the weakness of this tool is not able to detect good and evil creatures. Thus, this tool will "beat" any creature. If there are good jinn and bad jinn then they will be "expelled" as well.

3 Way

Conducting special gymnastics movement which should foot touched the earth. This exercise movement has only one core movement just so easy to do by anak2 to parents. In addition to healing for a variety of medical illnesses cured-de-sac, this exercise quite a lot of resolve cases of witchcraft as well. This pure exercise, with no spells or special breathing. For those interested, can buy VCDnya in IndoSpiritual

4 ways

Planting trees or plants which have a charge (-). Sensitive to the spiritual, the aura of this plant are felt "cold". Tree that has a charge (-) including: dadap, boyfriend of water, kelor, yellow bamboo, etc.. This kind of plants most disliked spirits. Plants usually charged (-) is not gripping too strong on the ground (earth) compared with plants charged (+)

Another case with a tree that has a charge (+) such as tamarind tree, banyan, star fruit, yellow, etc. so mat cottonwoods phohon this kind will certainly attract spirits and are often used as a place to live. This is because there are attraction force between the trees (+) and spirits (-) according to C Coulomb law.

source : wikipedia,and

"Gado-Gado" Traditional Food from Indonesian

Gado-gado is one food that comes from Indonesia in the form of vegetables boiled and mixed together, with herbs or sauce of crushed peanuts and eggs with slices of fried onions sprinkled over. Little emping fried or crackers (there are also wearing shrimp crackers) are also added.

Gado-gado can be eaten just like a salad with spice / peanut sauce, but also can be eaten with white rice or sometimes also served with lontong.

Who does not know gado-gado. Meals consist of a mixture of boiled vegetables and peanut sauce is really famous for extraordinary. In the narrow alleys, pushing carts, patio homes, to places to eat in big malls, "Indonesian salad" sold a lot of people.

Food is also clear healthy if treated in a clean and true. Materials that have been basically there is spinach, long beans, bean sprouts, cabbage, tofu, tempeh, boiled potatoes, cucumbers, and chopped boiled eggs.

However, gado-gado pleasure not merely in rebusnya vegetables, but also on the peanut sauce that was served. When tasting hodgepodge Boplo in Jalan Blora, Central Jakarta, there is another taste of peanut sauce that is poured dihidangkan.Saus nuts to vegetable stew that was very tasty on the tongue.

Taste sour, sweet, and salt contained in peanut sauce was very pas.Begitu finished swallow, taste savory peanut sauce was still felt. Not to mention the additional shrimp crackers and a can emping dicocol-cocol in peanut sauce.

Peanut sauce delights hodgepodge Boplo cashews lies in the mixture used as raw nuts tanah.Menurut Juliana Hartono, owner Boplo hodgepodge, cashews make peanut sauce becomes creamy. The composition of the fit between peanuts and cashew nuts are the secret key palatability Boplo hodgepodge.

Gado-gado Boplo was able to raise "the edge of food" into food berkelas.Dengan provide hygiene services to its customers versatile, owner hodgepodge Boplo try to eliminate the image that is a hodgepodge of food that can make people sick who will perut.Sayuran presented new boiled 30 minutes before there was pemesanan.Selain, builders racik gado-gadonya must wear gloves.

"This rule applies in all branches Boplo hodgepodge," Calvin said Hartono, son of the owner Boplo Gado-gado is now joined to manage the business. According to Calvin, the use of gloves seemed trivial. However, this can reduce the sense of disgust buyers who see the vegetables hold-hold before going into the plate.

Rests from health problems, Calvin has a plan to create a hodgepodge premium for a particular circle. Gado-gado this premium will be using hydroponic vegetables that do not use pesticides in the maintenance of drug plants.

Indonesian Holyday

Eid is a Muslim holiday which falls on 1 Syawal on Islamic calendar. Because the determination based on 1 Syawal circulation months, Eid or Hari Raya Puasa falls on different dates each year different when seen from the calendar AD. How to determine 1 Syawal also varied, so there might be some Muslims who celebrate on a different CE. On 1 Shawwal, Muslims gathered in the morning and held Eid prayer together in the mosques, in the field, or even the road (especially in big cities) if the area of worship is not enough to accommodate pilgrims.

Idul Fitri is back on a purely humanitarian instincts, back on the straight diversity, and the return of all the rotten practices in violation of the human soul that is still sacred. Back from all worldly interests that are not Islamic. This is the meaning of the original Eid.

It is a big mistake if the Idul Fitri celebration meant a return to `freedom` to eat and drink so that was forbidden to eat lunch, after the presence of Eid will be revenge., Or interpreted as a return of freedom sinner who was banned and left. Then, because Ramadan is over the disobedience re-crowded crowded encouraged. In summary, the error eventually led to a phenomenon of seasonal pious people, not people who try to defend the value kefitrian and piety.

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